In this post, I’ve reviewed the best termite treatments (both pre- and post-construction) to use in an around the house.
Have you seen some tiny round holes on wooden furniture or house walls? There are termites feeding on the wood (its cellulose), cardboard and paper.
The possible control methods include baits and barrier-form application of termite insecticides. Let’s find out!
- Reviews: Top 7 Best Termite Treatment in 2019
- 1. Nissus Bora Care Natural Termite Control – Best For Pre-Treatments
- 2. Harris Termite Treatment for Controlling – Best for Prevention
- 3. Spectracide Terminate Termite Killing Stakes – Best For Soil
- 4. Termidor SC Termiticide – Best Liquid Treatment
- 6. Spectracide Terminate Termite Killing Foam – Best foam Treatment
- Types of Termite treatments
- Are Termite Treatment Chemicals Safe?
- What’s the cost of professional Termite treatment
- Signs of termites infestation
- Colony and Organization
Reviews: Top 7 Best Termite Treatment in 2019
The tiny white-bodied termites (dampwood, drywood subterranean and termites comparable to ants) could even penetrate your house through the foundation.
In the wood pre-treatment process, you may use in-soil barriers, lumber treatment, baits, or liquid termiticides.
1. Nissus Bora Care Natural Termite Control – Best For Pre-Treatments
Nissus Bora-Care is great for both exterior and interior control of termites (including Formosan termites, drywood termites, and subterranean termites), carpenter ants, beetles, and decay fungi.
One gallon jug can treat untreated wood of about 200 to 500 square feet. Borate mineral salt (Disodium Octaborate Tetrahydrate) is its active ingredient (being 40%) – which has very low toxicity even compared to table salt. Therefore, this termite solution is safe for both pets and kids.
As noted above, this termite solution is effective for post-construction and even better for pre-construction. Luckily, this Boracare termite solution will dry clear and hence leaves the wood in the original natural form. You’ll need to dilute the Boracare at a rate of 1:1 to about 1:5 ratio with water.
Nissus Bora-Care is great for homeowners who are building their wood or partly wooden house – as a pre-treatment method against termites. In addition, you can pre-treat the wooden decks, sheds, and cellars for termites. Before you lay down the physical infrastructure, it’s time to treat the wood using this Nissus Bora-Care.
Pros: Great for exterior and interior use, for rolling or spraying on wood, and will also kill the wood beetles.
Cons: Will need a 1 to 1 ratio of dilution.
2. Harris Termite Treatment for Controlling – Best for Prevention
Next up is the Harris Termite Treatment is great for controlling massive termite infestations. It can wash down many termites that are in many bug nests – you just need to mix the Harris powder with some sprayer.
The Disodium Octaborate Tetrahydrate solution is Non-flammable, Odorless and will kill fungi, mold, Wood Rot, and Carpenter Ants. It is safe for pets and kids. However, this powder acts a repellent for termites and hence they’ll stay in areas you’ve sprayed.
I recommend that you get a reliable sprayer (with termiticide plus) while taking care not to spray on flowers, houseplants, and fruits as it can be harmful.
This termiticide can also help protect the wood that is in your porch, patio, and garage. Its active ingredient is based on boron oxyanions (borates) that extricate oxygen from the pieces of wood and hence makes the termites (and insects with no porous skin) suffocate.
Pros: Will protects the wood from rotting and getting molds, its non-toxic to pets and kids, inflammable, and its odorless.
Cons: May damage flowers, fruits, and other plants such as grass.
3. Spectracide Terminate Termite Killing Stakes – Best For Soil
4. Termidor SC Termiticide – Best Liquid Treatment
6. Spectracide Terminate Termite Killing Foam – Best foam Treatment
Types of Termite treatments
1. Liquid Termite Treatment
This method involves the use of a liquid termiticide which is sprayed in and around your home where an infestation is noticed. Any termite which comes in contact with it is either repelled or killed.
Nonrepellent liquids are also used which does not make their presence noticeable by termites and kills them effectively in their place. The soil surrounding your property should be treated with such termiticide for effective eradication and also prevents them from entering your house from nearby soil. Also, check the top drain cleaners.
2. Termite Baits
This is one of the best termite treatment methods that help in eliminating the insect from your house. Liquid treatment is done in entry points after thorough monitoring of the checkpoints in your house where there is a possibility of infestation.
The termites when ingesting this liquid spreads it to other mates in the nest and get controlled much effectively. Check the top bombs for fleas.
3. Borate Termite Treatment
Also known as wood treatment, it is basically done to eradicate the drywood termites. A termiticide containing borate is directly applied to the wood surface infested with termites which dies immediately.
The treatment is odorless and does not cause harm to humans. It also acts as a preventive measure for termite infestation when applied during new construction of home and furniture.
If your house is infested with multiple nests of termites which are hard to eradicate with a single treatment, fumigation of the entire structure is often recommended by experts. It is the best answer to how to treat termites completely and effectively.
The process involves evacuating humans and animals from the house and covering it with a tent. Then the area is fumigated with termiticide which reaches every corner and cracks of the property and kills all the termites.
Are Termite Treatment Chemicals Safe?
Each of the above-mentioned methods on termite treatment may involve a reasonable cost which is based on the following ground: Size of the building, Severity of the infestation, Foundation details, Soil type, and the Climate.
The foraging behavior of termites (the process of finding food) is a common source of misunderstanding by consumers and the source of folklore dispensed by unethical termite treatment salesmen.
There is fairly solid scientific evidence that termites do not see, do not smell and do not sense the environment much beyond the boundary of their tunnel system.
The seam of gold for termites is a source of cellulose (wood or plant material) or water. This is a fairly random process. It may appear that they know where there is a source of food (i.e. your house) but they find your house by a random process.
What’s the cost of professional Termite treatment
If they knew about the presence of a house then every house would be infested every year; because suburban houses represent the most attractive source of food for termites in the surrounding environment.
While the process of foraging is generally random, termites do follow natural and manmade structures. For example, it is not uncommon for termites to follow pipes and conduits that run through the surrounding environment into buildings.
These pipes and conduits can unwittingly, but effectively, lead the termites to the side of the building or even into the building. Combine the presence of a pipe entering a building with a water leak from the pipe and you have an effective, irresistible invitation for termites to enter the building.
Equally, a piece of timber connecting the building to the ground is also an open invitation for termites to enter the house. Not only are termites foraging for food (wood) but they are also seeking reliable sources of water to ingest. This ‘drinking’ usually means eating wet soil or under ideal circumstances wet wood.
Foraging for food and therefore the tunneling process of termites is relentless. The process continues day and night, winter and summer. Foraging and feeding do slow under dry and or cold conditions. In the suburban environment, there are often artificial supplies of water (leaking pipes, air-conditioner condensation, for termites to exploit even during prolonged periods of drought.
Soil temperature usually remains within a range suitable for optimum termite activity during most of the year, although air temperature varies widely. It would only be during the depths of winter in the southern latitudes and the height of summer in the northern latitudes that soil temperature may become limiting to termite activity.
In the process of foraging for food, termites will eat through materials with no nutritional value. The soil is the major component of the material eaten in search of food.
However, termites have been known to tunnel (randomly eat) through seemly inedible materials such as lead sheathing on cables, rubber tires on tractors and hard plastics. In the building situation, termites can tunnel through plasterboard lining, carpet underlay, plastic sheeting, and the list go on.
Feeding and Digestion
Termites feed on cellulose (plant material). The main component of wood is cellulose. It is cellulose that the termites need for food. It not just the structure of the building that is in danger from termite attack but also much of the contents of the building.
It is not just the structural and building timbers on which termites feed but anything of plant material origin (e.g. paper, cardboard, ply-board, furniture, cotton cloth and timber musical instruments etc).
Termites eat plant material (commonly wood) as a source of cellulose. Cellulose forms the structure of plant tissues. For example, cellulose comprises about 50% of wood and 90% of cotton fibers. Cellulose is a polymer (long chain) of thousands of glucose (sugar) molecules.
Termites cannot digest cellulose. Termites must rely on micro-organisms (bacteria and protozoa) in their intestines (gut) to actually digest the cellulose and release the sugars. In this respect, the digestion system of termites is similar to that of the cow.
Signs of termites infestation
You’ll need to keep an eye on both the places to spot an infestation. You may find signs of damage caused due to termites as:
1. Discarded wings of termites in your house
Termites that are reproductive are called and fly to other places to find new homes. If you see a group of such insects flying around your home or trace some discarded wings, there is probably an infestation around you.
2. Tube-like structures made of mud
Such structures are easily visible on wooden objects of your home like wooden flooring and furniture and even on walls. It is nothing but a part of their nest which is damaging your property.
3. Wood which sounds hollow
Drywood termites feed on cellulose and create a hollow space in any wood. If you tap on such wood, it makes a hollow sound showing an infestation.
How to get rid of termites: There are a number of options to choose from for treating termites. The treatment depends upon the type of termite present in your home and the degree of infestation.
Colony and Organization
– Mature termite colonies
Mature termite colonies may number in the hundreds of thousands or even millions of individuals.
Each colony is composed of individuals belonging to defined castes. Each caste has specific jobs or responsibilities to perform within the colony. Once an individual termite forms into a worker or soldier the process cannot be reversed.
– The Reproductive Caste
These are the Queen and King of the colony. The Queen termite, like the Queen Bee, is the only egg-laying individual.
– The Alate Caste
Alates are fully formed adult insects with eyes, wings and reproductive organs. The purpose of alates is to form new colonies and sustain the species.
Alates must begin a colony in the ground. Alates cannot fly into your house and start a nest. Successful alates become the Queen and King of a new colony. One of the characteristics of the Alate caste is their ability to shed their wings after the swarming flight.
It is often the presence of these gossamer-like wings caught in spider’s webs, littering the floor or floating on the top of the pool, that alert homeowners to an occurrence of a termite swarm in the previous night.
Swarming usually occurs in the late afternoon or early evening after a storm or heavy rain event, while the atmospheric humidity is high.
Supplementary Reproductive Caste
The Supplementary Reproductive caste, are produced by most species of termites and are potential alates. Supplementary are thought to be Queens and Kings in waiting.
For example, if the current Queen was to die and there was no replacement, the colony would soon die. A supplementary Queen takes the place of the dead Queen and the colony survives.
This replacement of reproductive castes members by supplementary caste members helps to explain how a termite colony can survive and grow for many decades.